A definition of web hosting
As its name hints, web hosting is a service, which entails hosting online content. There are different forms and kinds of web hosting, based on the aims and on the usage. In spite of that, they all entail hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the Web. A host is in fact a hosting server that is linked to the Web and has its own Internet Protocol address, which allows people to have access to it through the Internet. The web hosting server's configuration and its system resources are determined by the type of web hosting solution it will be utilized for.
What are the different types of hosting?
Based on the function, the professional web hosting solution may be:
File Storage Web Hosting - this type of web hosting enables the users to keep their files on a certain hosting server. With the customary file storage hosting solution, the files that are saved may only be accessed by the person that's utilizing the service. This web hosting service normally refers to backups of personal computers , docs, personal files and even other hosting servers. This solution may also contain given limitations in relation to the disk storage space and the root-level access. There may also be bandwidth limits, but that is dependent on the particular service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting solution is quite similar to the previous hosting service form. Nevertheless, unlike the file storage hosting solution, the warez hosting solution is used for transmitting licensed work without being given the OK to do so by the copyright possessor. To cut a long story short - it appertains to the illegitimate dissemination of files and documents. There are multiple approaches for this to be carried out, but the 2 principal approaches are - via simple HTTP downloading and through P2P connections. The first way entails either a given site, or, most commonly, simply a directory on a server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download patented docs free of charge. The second way entails a peer-to-peer connection, availing of the so-called Torrent servers, via which people exchange files between each other. There are a few web page hosting companies that allow that type of hosting on their servers, chiefly because of all the judicial troubles that it entails. Generally such web pages are hosted on personal dedicated hosting servers that are registered by third-party firms either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Electronic Mail Hosting - this solution is applicable with both shared website hosting and dedicated servers, depending on the customer's intention. If you desire to establish your own private SMTP email server, then you will need either a Virtual Private Server or a dedicated web server that offers the access level needed to carry out such an assignment. For routine email web hosting ends, though, you can set up a standard shared web hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a service that's widely used, since the site hosting and the email hosting services are being served by 2 different web servers, usually owned by separate companies.
Web Page Hosting - the most famous and commonly used hosting service now. It's utilized for hosting web site files, whose type is determined by the Operating System the server is availing of - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files necessitate different web server Operating Systems, otherwise they won't be shown properly on the Internet. This kind of hosting may impose storage space and bandwidth limits, root access and CPU usage limits.
Depending on the purpose and on the usage, the user should pick the type of server that he demands for his project, and, of course, the hosting vendor that's going to provide it. There are different types of web servers, based on the specifications and the webspace hosting solutions that they offer. These are:
Shared Website Hosting Server - a shared hosting server offers a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, reflects on the cost of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small size and middle sized web sites, which do not need huge amounts of disk storage and traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers - they work on the same principle as the shared site hosting servers. In spite of that, there are much less customers accommodated on the same web hosting server. Because of that, each of them will receive a greater share of the web server's resources like RAM, server storage, traffic and CPU. Perfect for hosting huge web sites that do not demand full server root privileges.
Virtual Private Server - the virtual web servers are perfect for middle sized online portals, which do need root access to the web hosting server's configuration files. Normally, there are several virtual server accounts accommodated on the same physical machine. Even so, each of them is independent from the others and runs its own Operating System.
Dedicated Servers - a completely dedicated web hosting server configured and accessed by you and solely you. It ensures a huge amount of system resources. It also includes full root access, which renders it the optimal solution for any type of web page that necessitates a web hosting solution.
The only question that remains is:
Which hosting supplier should I select?
As already stated, there are just a few hosts offering warez web hosting services due to judicial problems. Such hosting companies are being shut down virtually every month. Because of that, if you desire to set up such a service, you should do it on your very own PC. The shared web site hosting solution is the most widely spread type of hosting service. For that reason, each site hosting company provides it. Not all of them, however, provide services such as virtual web hosting servers, semi-dedicated servers and dedicated web servers. Most of the smaller hosting companies do not have the means demanded for maintaining those services. That is the reason why it's invariably best to select a bigger web host that can provide its clients with all the solutions that they are looking for. You can quickly recognize such web hosting companies by the sorts of services that they are offering and by the way that they present them to the clientele. For example, certain hosting providers permit you to kick off with a low-end web space hosting package and then shift to a more advanced one, if you consider it compulsory to do so. This is very convenient, because you do not need to transmit websites between web servers and there is no chance of suffering service outages because of all the complications that may occur. Providers like Free Hostia offer all sorts of solutions and possess the needed web hosting server resources and personnel to assure that their customers will not stumble upon any predicaments when changing services, which is what a top hosting vendor is actually all about.